Kartik Shankar: Turtle Conservation in Orissa, India

Kartik Shankar: Turtle Conservation in Orissa, India from zoe young on Vimeo.

This presentation was recorded in May 2008 for the symposium:
“Problematizing Neoliberal Biodiversity Conservation: Displaced and Disobedient Knowledge”
Washington D.C., American University, Department of Anthropology, May 16-19, 2008
Organizers: Jim Igoe (Dartmouth College, Department of Anthropology) & Sian Sullivan (Birkbeck School of Geography, University of London, )

An Executive Summary for the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) is available here:

A special issue of Current Conservation also features articles by several of the contributors:

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

Green aid in India and Zimbabwe – Conserving whose community?

ArticleinGeoforum 32(3):299-318 · August 2001


What happens when global institutions try to assist community conservation in some of the world’s least industrialised areas? Among the `cutting edge’ projects grant-aided by the Global Environment Facility (GEF, a World Bank-hosted fund for `global environmental benefits’) are `CAMPFIRE’ – the Communal Areas Management Programme For Indigenous Resources – in Zimbabwe, and `India Ecodevelopment’. Both are intended to combine protection of biodiverse wildlife with participatory rural development for impoverished local communities. We explore the `ground truths’ of these projects in two historical and political contexts. We ask whether aspiring managers of `global resources’ can sufficiently transcend ongoing tensions in `local political ecology’, while diverse value systems and experiences remain distant. We conclude with thoughts about the `sustainable development’ of foreign missions old and new.